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Religious syncretism , the fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices. Instances of religious syncretism—as, for example, Gnosticism a religious dualistic system that incorporated elements from the Oriental mystery religions , Judaism, Christianity, and Greek religious philosophical concepts—were particularly prevalent during the Hellenistic period c. The fusion of cultures that was effected by the conquest of Alexander the Great 4th century bce , his successors, and the Roman Empire tended to bring together a variety of religious and philosophical views that resulted in a strong tendency toward religious syncretism. Orthodox Christianity , although influenced by other religions, generally looked negatively upon these syncretistic movements.
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Syncretism involves the merging or assimilation of several originally discrete traditions , especially in the theology and mythology of religion , thus asserting an underlying unity and allowing for an inclusive approach to other faiths. Syncretism also occurs commonly in expressions of arts and culture known as eclecticism as well as politics syncretic politics. He cites the example of the Cretans , who compromised and reconciled their differences and came together in alliance when faced with external dangers. More likely as an etymology is sun- "with" plus kerannumi "mix" and its related noun, "krasis," "mixture. Erasmus probably coined the modern usage of the Latin word in his Adagia "Adages" , published in the winter of —, to designate the coherence of dissenters in spite of their differences in theological opinions. In a letter to Melanchthon of April 22, , Erasmus specifically adduced the Cretans of Plutarch as an example of his adage "Concord is a mighty rampart". Overt syncretism in folk belief may show cultural acceptance of an alien or previous tradition, but the "other" cult may survive or infiltrate without authorized syncresis. For example, some conversos developed a sort of cult for martyr-victims of the Spanish Inquisition , thus incorporating elements of Catholicism while resisting it. The Kushite kings who ruled Upper Egypt for approximately a century and the whole of Egypt for approximately 57 years, from to BC, constituting the Twenty-fifth Dynasty in Manetho's Aegyptiaca , developed a syncretic worship identifying their own god Dedun with the Egyptian Osiris. They maintained that worship even after they had been driven out of Egypt.
Those which now pass for Christian in western Europe are the result of the syncretism of two thousand years. And it is here especially that we notice the syncretism which is peculiar to him. The syncretic nature of the signs of practical experiences were reflected in the syncretism of tools and signs. Think about such categories as syncretism , understanding, repetitive patterns in practical terms. In these tales and legends we have syncretism in full swing. Using vocabulary correctly is important because it helps make our communication clear. Boost your communication with this quiz!